Although ancient Egyptian civilisation began approximately 6000 BCE with the settlement of diverse tribes of hunter-gatherers in the Nile River Valley, Egypt’s first dynasty dates from around 3100 BCE.
Around this time, King Menes united Upper and Lower Egypt into a single kingdom – Menes is the Egyptian word for founder, and many historians think that Egypt’s founder was a monarch called Narmer.
As a result, Egypt is the world’s oldest country.
Since about 3300 BCE, people have lived in the region of the Indian subcontinent, beginning with the Indus Valley Civilization.
Although these early peoples created one of the world’s oldest urban civilizations, the Vedic Period, which spanned from c.1500 BCE to c.600 BCE, marked the birth of India as a country.
The Vedas, which were orally composed in Vedic Sanskrit and offered descriptions of Vedic civilization, gave this period its name.
As early as 3000 BCE, the Indus Valley Civilization is said to have established a colony in Afghanistan.
They founded Mundigak, one of the world’s earliest cities, near modern-day Kandahar.
Smaller Indus Valley Civilization settlements have also been discovered in other regions of Afghanistan, according to archaeologists.
The Xia Dynasty, which ruled from c.2070 BCE to 1600 BCE, was the earliest Chinese dynasty.
Because China’s recorded history begins with the Shang Dynasty (c. 1600 BCE – 1046 BCE), there are no first-hand records from the Xia Dynasty; nonetheless, the Xia Dynasty is referenced in historical chronicles such as the Bamboo Annals, the Classic of History, and the Records of the Grand Historian.
Georgia’s history may be traced back to the mythical kingdoms of Colchis and Karlti/Iberia.
During Eurasia’s Bronze Age, approximately 1500 BCE, both kingdoms were powerful.
Colchis was featured frequently in Greek mythology, especially in the stories of the Golden Fleece and Jason and the Argonauts.
While these traditions may be fiction, strong tribes did establish tiny governments in Georgia as early as the 12th century BCE.
Human life has existed in Ethiopia for millions of years, according to skeletal fragments discovered in the area that belong to Australopithecus afarensis, an apelike creature that may have been the ancestor of modern humans. The skeletal fragments are estimated to be between 3.4 million and 2.9 million years old. Complex civilizations began to emerge as life thrived in Ethiopia, and one of the earliest kingdoms to emerge was Dmt, which lasted from c.980 BCE to c.400 BCE.
The Archaic period in Greece is one of the most important in the country’s history since it established the groundwork for the Classical period, which is credited with laying the foundations for modern western civilisation.
After Greece began to emerge from the Dark Ages about 800 BCE, this period in Greek history began.
The first Emperor of Japan, Emperor Jimmu, assumed the throne and started Japan’s imperial dynasty in 660 BCE, which is widely cited as the year of the country’s establishment.
Monarch Jimmu is a mythological mythical ruler of Japan who is said to be a descendant of the sun goddess Amaterasu. He is mentioned in two early chronicles, the Kojiki and the Nihon Shoki, as Japan’s first emperor.
Following Emperor Jimmu, the early rulers of Japan are assumed to be legends since there is no proof that they ever lived.
The Achaemenid Empire created Ancient Iran approximately 550 BCE, which was known as Persia in the Western world until 1935.
Several groups of people lived in the area that would later become Iran prior to the rise of the Persian Empire, including the Elamites, a pre-Iranian civilization that settled in modern-day Iran’s far west and southwest regions, and the Medes, who controlled most of Iran until the Persians stepped in
10. San Marino
While several other nations have lengthier histories, San Marino is sometimes referred to as the world’s oldest city since the country has been a sovereign state since 301 CE.
When Saint Marinus constructed a chapel on Monte Titano on September 3, 301 CE, the nation was officially formed.
This tiny chapel developed into the city of San Marino, the small country’s capital.