When the word “country” comes to mind, one would assume such country will be densely populated; talking about millions of people, large masses of land and numerous roads and buildings. But it’s not the case in every country. There are indeed countries with very small populations. The smallest countries in the world 2020 are often least populated and most isolated.
What is the Smallest Country in the World by Population In 2020?
Geographical isolation, small land areas, and harsh weather all contribute to many of these minute population sizes.
These Are The Smallest Countries in the World by Population 2020
Andorra is a sovereign landlocked microstate on the Iberian Peninsula, in the eastern Pyrenees, bordered by France to the north and Spain to the south.
Until the 20th century, Andorra had very limited transport links to the outside world, and development of the country was affected by its physical isolation. Tourism, the mainstay of Andorra’s tiny, well-to-do economy, accounts for roughly 80% of GDP. An estimated 10.2 million tourists visit annually, attracted by Andorra’s duty-free status and by its summer and winter resorts. The banking sector, with its tax haven status, also contributes substantially to the economy.
With a population of about 69,000, Andorra is ranked the 10th smallest country in the world 2020.
9. Saint Kitts and Nevis
St. Kitts and Nevis is the smallest country in the western hemisphere, with a population of about 54,000. The 54,000+ Kittitians and Nevisians have been independent of the UK since 1983, but they remain in the Commonwealth. The islands are noted for their exceptional bird-watching since they’re home to several rare and unusual species.
Saint Kitts and Nevis is a twin-island federation whose economy is characterised by its dominant tourism, agriculture, and light manufacturing industries.
8. Marshall Islands
With a population of about 53,609 people, the entire surface area of the Marshall Islands is less than 175 total square miles. That country is quite tiny! Marshall Islands are an island country and a United States associated state near the equator in the Pacific Ocean, slightly west of the International Date Line.
Boasting a truly enormous and unbelievably large population of 37,863 people, Monaco is just a little bit smaller than Liechtenstein. Monaco is a sovereign city-state, country, and microstate on the French Riviera in Western Europe. France borders the country on three sides while the other side borders the Mediterranean Sea.
Monaco has the world’s highest life expectancy at nearly 90 years. For those of you looking to move to Europe for an incredible tax incentive, look no further than Monaco; this country poses absolutely no income tax to its citizens.
With a population of 37,776, Liechtenstein is less than half the size of our 10th smallest country. The whole country is less than 63 square miles in size, making it quite a tiny nation.
This beautiful landlocked principality is both small and tough to reach. Not only does it not have its own international airport, it’s also wholly located in the Alps, sandwiched between Switzerland and Austria. It’s no wonder Liechtenstein is one of the least-visited countries in Europe, charm and beauty notwithstanding.
5. San Marino
With a population of about 31,950 people, this country is exceptionally small, boasting an area of just 24 square miles total. It is surrounded entirely by Italy, which makes it an enclaved micro state, but it’s still technically its own country. It relies a great deal on tourism to stimulate its economy. A great vacation spot for any tourist, this tiny European destination is a hotspot for travelers all over the world.
Paulu is an island country located in the western Pacific Ocean. The country contains approximately 340 islands, forming the western chain of the Caroline Islands in Micronesia, and has an area of 466 square kilometers (180 sq mi). With a population just over 20,000 people, Palau is one of the world’s smallest countries.
The island nation of Nauru, located in the Central Pacific in Micronesia, is the third least populated country in the world at 11,359, closely following neighboring Tuvalu. The country has little by means of job opportunities, with a 90% unemployment rate. Nauru was once rich in phosphates; however strip mining has left the reserves depleted. Today, majority of the population is unemployed due to employment reduction by the phosphate industry.
The second smallest country in the world by population 2020 is the island of Tuvalu with a population of 11,052. The island nation of Tuvalu is located in the Central Pacific in Polynesia.
It covers an area of only 10 square miles. It is located north of Fiji and is made up of 6 atolls and 3 reef islands.
Due to the lack of exploitable resources and economic potential, as well as its small size, Tuvalu has been designated a “least developed country” (LDC) by the United Nations.
1. Vatican City
Would you believe if you were told that an entire country has a population of about 1000 people? That’s indeed the population of Vatican City. It tops the list of the smallest countries in the world 2020 by population.
Vatican City is also the smallest country in the world by land area at 0.17 square miles (0.44km2). Enclosed within the Italian city of Rome, the Vatican is ruled by the Pope. The citizens that reside within the country are either clergy, state officials, or members of the Swiss Guard. Despite its small area and population size, Vatican City receives 5 million tourists annually, which represents more than 663% of the population.
There you have it: the top ten smallest countries in the world by population 2020. While they may be short on space, they’re not short on charm, hospitality, or history.